"The earliest depiction of a lobster is from a mural on a temple wall in Deir el-Bahari, Egypt (fig. 1, dal rif. 2) commemorating the trade voyage of Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut to the southern Red Sea ∼3500 years ago (e.g. Glenister, 2008) (2). It appears to be a spiny lobster (possibly Panulirus pencillatus) carved together with other Red Sea marine animals. Recently, only a partial claw (chela) of Homarus gammarus was found among other kitchen refuse (mostly marine), dating ∼2700 years ago (early Iron Age) in northern Sardinia (B. Wilkens, pers. comm.). The considerable size of the crushing teeth on this claw indicates a sizeable lobster. Perhaps large European lobsters were common in shallow Mediterranean waters during ancient times, and were exploited by coastal peoples " (1).
Fig. 1, da (2): calamari, aragoste e pesci che Hatshepsut incontrò durante il suo viaggio in mare vero la terra di Punt.
(1) Ehud Spanier, Kari L. Lavalli, Jason S. Goldstein, Johan C. Groeneveld, Gareth L. Jordaan, Clive M. Jones, Bruce F. Phillips, Marco L. Bianchini, Rebecca D. Kibler, David Díaz, Sandra Mallol, Raquel Goñi, Gro I. van Der Meeren, Ann-Lisbeth Agnalt, Donald C. Behringer, William F. Keegan, and Andrew Jeffs, A concise review of lobster utilization by worldwide human populations from prehistory to the modern era, ICES J. Mar. Sci. first published online May 7, 2015 doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsv066(2) Glenister C. L. 2008. Profiling Punt: using trade relations to locate “God's Land”. Master of Arts Thesis, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. 140 pp.